LUIS VAZ DE CAMÕES (1524-1580), the glory of Portuguese literature, is also famous
for his poetry in Spanish. He was born and died at Lisbon and
through birth occupied a distinguished place at court until an
unhappy love affair banished him from the city in 1547. He joined
the army and later lost an eye at the naval battle of Ceuta.
Returning from Goa in 1570, after persecution and imprisonment,
he fell into poverty and obscurity and so died. His great work
the Os Lusiadas (The Lusiads) was published first