LUIS DE ARGOTE Y GÓNGORA was born at Córdoba; he was educated at
the University of Salamanca and received a benefice in 1577.
In 1613 he removed to Madrid and became chaplain to the King.
He returned to Córdoba in ill health and died there. His
reputation as a poet was already established in 1600 at the publication
of the Romancero General. His earlier poems are free from
affectations, but in his later style he adopted the affectations
known as Marinism in Italy, Euphuism in England
and Preciosité in France, in this way establishing
in Spain the School of Gongorism which afflicted Spanish literature
for many generations.